Trust our specialist expertise to proactively manage haemorrhoids and other perianal conditions

Haemorrhoids are dilated blood vessels on the inside of the anus, due to excessive straining. ‘Perianal’ refers to the area around the anus, the skin and tissues in this region are particularly sensitive and susceptible to damage. When the anal and rectal veins become inflamed, haemorrhoids can develop. This common condition may be marked by:

● Bleeding
● Protruding skin or lumps
● Moderate discomfort or pain
● Itching due to mucous discharge
● Heightened sensitivity

Internal haemorrhoids can enlarge and bulge into the anal canal. If allowed to grow, these growths can lead to complications such as prolapse. Complete prolapse is associated with severe pain and refers to a haemorrhoid that has slid out of the anal opening.

Additionally, external haemorrhoids that form near the anus can become very painful. Unlike other masses, haemorrhoids do not become cancerous. However, the symptoms associated with this benign condition can mimic those related to bowel cancer. Therefore, it is important to rule out more severe conditions. Various treatment methods for haemorrhoids are available.

Preventive care

Since haemorrhoids are linked to chronic constipation and diarrhoea, straining, faulty bowel habits, and lengthy time on the toilet the following is suggested:

● Eating more high-fibre foods
● Hydrating more frequently to soften stools
● Use of supplements
● Easing pressure on the haemorrhoid and preventing prolapse by avoiding prolonged or excessive straining
● Limiting time spent on the toilet to one to two minutes
● Taking warm sitz baths for between 10 and 20 minutes promotes healing

The specific treatment recommended to patients depends on factors such as the size, and complexity of the haemorrhoids.